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The Basics of Guitar Chords You Must Know

When you started learning to play the guitar without knowledge of basics of guitar chords there’s always some questions in your mind whenever you pickup your guitar and get your fingers and guitar pick ready, “Where do I start? What do I play?” When most of guitarists started their music learning journey they started with learning basics of guitar chords in the beginning. What are chords? A chord is a set of three or more notes played together. There wouldn’t be much rhythm and music feel incomplete without them.

Students in the Bhardwaj Music Academy approach bring their lessons to life by performing on stage. They perfect their lead or rhythm guitar talents, with lead guitarists emphasizing melody, solos, and riffs and rhythm guitarists focusing on chords and strumming or fingerpicking. Learning basic of guitar chords is essential for both strategies. If you're on the market for a new guitar, our brief guitar-buying guide will come in handy.

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Guitar chords are the foundation of almost all musical genres and are a necessary building block for aspiring guitarists. A chord is simply the combination of two or more notes played at the same time. Chords come in many varieties, including major, minor, and diminished, each with its own sound and feel. To play a chord, you must first understand the fretboard's structure, as well as the names of the notes on each string. After you've mastered the fundamentals, you can begin practicing common chord progressions, strumming patterns, and finger placement techniques to hone your skills. You'll be able to play any song you want if you work hard enough.


We recommend learning Em, C, G, and D chords in starting for beginners.

  • Em chord is the first chord you should learn if you are beginner in guitar. Here is the demonstration how to play this commonly played chord.

  • After learning Em chord, you should learn C, or C major chord. For this chord, you only need to strum the upper five, highest-sounding strings. you can learn more about C chords in our blog "Top 10 Interesting C Major Chord That You Should Know".

  • The next chord you should learn is G chord. In G chord, there are only 2 fingerings shown in image below.

  • Once you’ve master the G chord you are ready to learn D chord, you can play hundreds of songs with just only D chord! Getting sound in first string is the biggest problem that encountered when beginners play basic guitar chords. Keep eye on your third finger that it should now touch the first string. Here is the diagram:



Some of the first chords you'll learn at Bhardwaj Music Academy are power chords. Power chords are widely used in rock, classical, and contemporary music. Power chords are defined to be simple for newbies because they focus on two or three strings and frets, making it easier on the fingers and thus simpler to play. They can be played on any type of guitar, but are most commonly used on electric guitars. When playing power chords on an electric guitar, sounds can be distorted to add depth and colour. You can do this with other chords as well, but power chords really set the tone of the song.


For beginners, Open chords are best as some of the strings are opened in the chords and are a type of guitar chord that is played by strumming the strings without putting any frets down. These chords are known as "open" chords because the strings are allowed to ring out in an open position, producing a distinct and unique sound. Open chords are typically simpler and easier to play than other types of chords, making them an excellent place to start for beginning guitarists. C Major, G Major, D Major, and A Major are some of the most commonly used open chords. These chords can be played in various inversions to produce a wide range of sounds and chord progressions. Once you've mastered open chords, you can move on to more advanced chord types leaving basic of guitar chords and playing more complex music.


Barre chords are different from open and power chords that they require more advanced techniques. Despite being more difficult, they are extremely useful for more skilled guitarists. The ability to move the chord position up and down the fretboard allows for the creation of a wide variety of new chords. This ease of transition is made possible by keeping the chord shape and only moving the guitar's fingers. However, barre chords can be challenging for beginners because they frequently require one or two fingers to hold down multiple strings on the same fret at the same time. We'll go deep in this type of chord later.


Here are 8 chords that you can practice after learning basic of guitar chords. Below are the chords that you can learn.

1. A Major

A major is easy to learn as most of beginners to start with this chord, you can use your other fingers to mix it up as second fret has entire chord located in it. All you have to do is to put you fingers on the fourth, third and second string.

2. A Minor

We have already informed you about E chord, if you can play E major you can easily play A minor chord. You just have to put your finger up one string. Don’t get confused as this chord is also similar to A major – just move B note to first fret. Minor chords have a melancholy feel to them, making them ideal for breakup songs. The A chord is a must-know for all beginners!

3. B Minor

The B minor chord is a popular chord that is used in many different musical genres. It's a minor chord, so it has a more melancholy and introspective sound than major chords. Begin by placing your first finger on the second fret of the A string to play the B minor chord on the guitar. Then, place your second finger on the D string's fourth fret. Finally, place your third finger on the G string's fourth fret. To play the B minor chord, strum all of the strings except the low E string. It is important to make sure that all the fingers are pressing down on the correct frets and that the chords are clean and clear. With practice, you'll be able to play the B minor chord with ease and use it in your own musical creations.

Guitar is never ending learning process. Don’t lose your courage if any of these basic of guitar chords seem a little confusing. Just be consistent to whatever you are doing, practice you hand adjustment and placing it on the fret board until it become muscle memory of your hand.

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